François "Papa Doc" Duvalier, a medical doctor, he spent the early part of his life fighting diseases in his country. He became a political activist and served as a governmental minister before having to go into hiding for opposing a military coupe. Eventually he was elected president in 1957 as a populist and champion of the rights of the black majority.He soon turned into another paranoid, greedy criminal who ruled by fear and violence. Like most of these types he created his own security force the Tonton Macoutes and he exploited his knowledge of voodoo to maintain his power. On the other hand he was a strong anti Communist so the US ore or less turned a blind eye at his excesses and tolerated him.
This film clip from the National Archives is shot around the time of his death. The overall tone is hostile towards him and includes an interview with Papa Doc. Following his death power passed to his son then then 19 year old Baby Doc. He turned out to be another violent thug who ruled through intimidation but was an ally of ours due to his anti Communism.